PSYC 515 Weekly Forum Student Responses

PSYC 515 Weekly Forum Student Responses.

Answer each response with a minimum of 250 words. Must list references used.

RESPONSE 1 (Kenneth): Using “straight talk” so routinely at home has resulted in me being more direct with others both at work and in general social, interpersonal relationships.  As stated in the textbook, the biggest and scariest part of being open and honest and direct when speaking with others is vulnerability and fear of rejection, or of hurting someone we can about (Aronson, 2012).  This is why people avoid honest comments or open conversation.  This fear is also why it seems “everything” offends someone, and political correctness is the standard, not an exception.  Being in the Army, I know that an obstacle I routinely face, on a daily basis, is simple conversations with others.  I tend to be very raw and open in my speech, to include peppering in the occasional swear word, for flavor.  Truthfully, most people enjoy this about me.  However, not everyone is as accepting.  I think what has helped me to understand my interactions with others better is I that when I meet people, I let them know what they can expect from me, and should I perhaps say or do something that may offend them, just come and talk to me, one-on-one.  I make it clear that I am not trying to be intentionally offensive, but instead, I want them to know that when I say something, that its real and honest and in no way is to meant to hurt or tear down anyone.   Ultimately, I believe that fear of reprisal and fear of unknown consequences is what keeps people from honestly expressing themselves.

I encourage my oldest daughter to express her emotions openly.  She is four years old, and everything about her is unregulated, uninhibited, and raw.  Truthfully, I am jealous.  I don’t want her to lose that mindset as she grows up, and I don’t want other people imposing false boundaries on her.  Yes, I realize that later in life, as she hit middle school and high school, this may become a problem.  For now, I tell her to say what she is feeling, talk to Mommy or me about what is making her happy, or sad, or angry.  Just as my wife and I strive to be examples of communication and straight talk, we do our best to install those virtues in our daughter.  When our youngest is old enough, she will be taught the same things.  This adds a level of authenticity to them that their peers may not share.  It will also make them more apt to be vulnerable with their closest friends, allowing them to build stronger relationships (Aronson, 2012).

There indeed are times when I felt that it would be unwise to be 100% raw and unfiltered in my dialogue with other people.  This primarily occurs at work, when I am dealing with Soldiers.  Specifically, this is in group settings.  When I interact with others in a one-on-one environment, again, I make it clear that everything is on the table, that real conversation will be had, and they can expect me to be engaged and not just provide them with empty platitudes and generic advice.  However, when I am in a group setting, I am careful about what I say, how I express emotions, and that my words are driving to a desired goal and message.  This difference in verbal content is because when I am dealing with a signal person, it’s simple to get them to understand and accept my particular style.  In a group setting, it’s not as easy, and therefore, it’s smarter to guard my words.  Like anybody else, I do this primarily to protect myself from others who may misconstrue my message, or twist my words to later use them against me.

References

Aronson, E. (2012). The Social Animal. New York: Worth Publishers.

RESPONSE 2 (Teaera): For this weeks forum post we were assigned to discuss “straight talk” and why it seems to be uncommon in relationships. We are to discuss the personal and social issues that might need to be overcome in order to utilize “straight talk” and discuss if children should be taught how to utilize this method while in school. Lastly we are to discuss if we believe there are certain circumstances in which “straight talk” should not be utilized.

     I believe that some of the reasons why “straight talk” is uncommon in relationships is because of how vulnerable this makes the person using it. This would likely be an even more considerable barrier for men. As stated in our reading “straight talk” is really about utilizing feelings, clearly stating how you feel, not just lashing out at the other person (Aronson, 2012). I feel this also goes against the typical American image and makes it difficult for men and women to utilize this method. We tend to take things very personally and therefor lash out in an attempt to also personally attack our partners. My husband and I have been in a relationship for over 12 years and it took many, many years of trial and error to stumble into “straight talk” but I can definitely say that it has made our relationship better.

     I touched on some of the personal and social issues that would need to be overcome in the last paragraph. Utilizing this method would cause feelings of vulnerability which as stated in our reading is something that we have been taught to avoid (Aronson, 2012). We believe that this protects ourselves when really it just makes our relationships harder to maintain and stabilize. Another issue is in many instances people are not even fully aware of their feelings and the reason they are reacting in a certain manner, this makes it very difficult to convey to your partner.

     I absolutely feel that children should be taught to utilize good communication methods while in school and I feel this would overall enhance the school experience. I see no reason that these methods could not be practiced with teachers and authority figures. Speaking to those above you is something everyone has to do for the rest of their lives. The other children could also be utilized to practice peer to peer communication.  

     For the final question, if there are times where “straight talk” should not be utilized, I can not really come up with anything. I can imagine that there would be times and places where this kind of communication would not be taken in the best light but I would put that down to a negative environment. I feel that in a healthy society this kind of communication should be encouraged and endorsed. Perhaps in certain working environments, such as during high stress interactions, with the military or the police, this kind of communication would not be feasible but I feel this is very much a minority. 

RESPONSE 3 (Jason): This week’s topic is another great one to discuss.  Communication is key to healthy relationships and appears to be the number one thing to break down in a relationship. The concept of straight talk is an important factor for healthy communication which leads to healthy relationships. Our text book describes straight talk as having a person being vulnerable with another person in expressing their feelings, wants and needs in a nonjudgmental and open manner. In our culture, being vulnerable isn’t promoted which is why straight talk isn’t utilized more.  Our society has promoted independence, strength and the importance of looking good on the outside. Utilizing straight talk is counterintuitive to this theme. I think that is one reason why the divorce rate is so high in the USA as miscommunication or no communication breaks down the relationship, and it is easier for people to end the relationship than work to learn how to communicate effectively with each other. I am glad that I and my wife attended pre-marriage counseling that evolved into 3 years of continued counseling in our marriage. The first thing we learned was the importance of learning to communicate our feelings and needs to each other. This was not comfortable at first, but it sure helps in the long run, as me and my wife have never had a fight or even an argument in coming up on 10 years of marriage.

In an article by Esere, Yeyeodu, and Oladun, (2014) effective communication was studied with 660 couples in Africa. Obstacles to effective communication were identified as lack of time, negative or intense tone of conversation and rehashing past events. We have learned from our text the importance of immediacy in expressing feelings and concerns to prevent buildup of emotions. Solutions identified in this study were considering the other spouse’s opinion, contribution, and having trust in that person.  The findings of this study suggest that community education through seminars and awareness campaigns could increase effective communication in couples on a larger scale.  

Education for children in effective communication and conflict resolution is very important. If we do not know how to communicate effectively, how do we get our needs met effectively, and build lasting relationships?   In an article by Dion (2008), the importance of strengthening the institution of marriage to reduce the number of single parent homes was discussed. This article discusses the need to modify current curriculums to be more available to lower income population needs.  The need of education with promotion of utilization of communication skills through a community effort would be beneficial. If the youth are all encouraged to engage in effective communication, it would be easier for them to practice what they are learning.

I think there are occasions in which you do not utilize straight talk, such as when first meeting someone and not having trust built, or if you feel the person could use the information against you. A police man or other people in authority would not be wise to express their emotions openly in a crisis situation. I know as a counselor/Program Director,  I do not openly practice straight talk with residents or staff that I supervise. We may not want to express our emotions when we are in the middle of the emotion to our superiors either.

Hope you all have a very Merry Christmas!

Jason

References

Aronson, E. (2011). The Social Animal [Kindle iOS version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Dion, M. R. (2008). Healthy Marriage Programs: Learning What Works. Future of Children, 15(2), 139–156. https://doi.org/10.1353/foc.2005.0016

Esere, M., Yeyeodu, A., & Oladun, C. (2014). Obstacles and Suggested Solutions to Effective Communication in Marriage as Expressed by Married Adults in Kogi State, Nigeria. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 584–592.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.751

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550 words minimum APA format

an explanation of at least one strategy that  you  will use to help you overcome those challenges to completing your  degree that might also be useful to your colleagues.  Describe what  your weekly schedule will look like in order to accommodate preparation  for assignments and meeting due dates. Describe any supports you will  need to put into place in order to create this time. Also, explain your  back-up plan for technical problems or personal issues that might arise.  Identify at least one best practice that you plan to use to manage your  time and resources.

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week 4 discussion 2

It is well established that individuals have an inborn instinct to attach to their caregivers. Even though there is a universal component to attachment, however, does not mean that attachment patterns look the same across cultures. Different cultures approach the care of and interaction with infants differently, which is also deeply shaped by a wide array of culturally held values. For example, individualistic cultures tend to value independence in their children. As you explored in Week 2, this value of independence is a factor in why many Western infants sleep alone in their own rooms. The importance of this value of independence can also be seen with respect to attachment patterns. Specifically, German babies are more likely to be classified with avoidant attachments because of the strong value of independence in that culture (Grossman, Grossmann, Spangler, Suess, & Unzner, 1985; Colin, 1996). This contrasts with the attachment patterns of a cultural group in Mali, Africa, called the Dogon people. No avoidant attachment has been identified between infants and their mothers, as those mothers tend to keep their babies close, co-sleep, and nurse frequently when their babies are tired, distressed, or hungry (True, Pisani, & Oumar, 2001).

Taken together, these factors lead to different cultural patterns of attachment. In this Discussion, you look specifically in the scholarly literature to identify two cultures and compare and contrast their attachment patterns. For many of you, this may be your second look at cross-cultural attachment patterns after having explored the topic in DPSY 6112/8111: Themes and Theories of Developmental Psychology. Consider how your knowledge of attachment has changed or grown since then and use that perspective to inform your responses here.

To Prepare: Conduct a library search for scholarly articles that examine cross-cultural differences in caregiver-infant attachment. Based on what you found, choose two cultures that interest you. How do attachment patterns vary between the two cultures, and how are they similar? By Day 4

Post a brief description of the two cultures you selected. Then, summarize the caregiver-infant attachment patterns that are found in each culture, explaining similarities and differences between the two cultures. Explain which cultural values or practices account for these attachment patterns and the implications the patterns have for individuals. Be specific and provide examples. Learning Resources    Required Readings

Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Basic Books.
Chapter 11, “The Child’s Tie to His Mother: Attachment Behavior” (pp. 198–209)
Chapter 12, “Nature and Function of Attachment Behavior” (pp. 210–234)
Attachment and Loss, Vol. 1: Attachment, 3rd Edition by Bowlby, J. Copyright 1982 by Hachette Books Groups. Reprinted by permission of Hachette Books Groups via the Copyright Clearance Center.
 

Groh, A. M., Pasco Fearon, R. M., IJzendoorn, M. H. van, Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Roisman, G. I. (2017). Attachment in the early life course: Meta-analytic evidence for its role in socioemotional development. Child Development Perspectives, 11(1), 70–76. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12213
Attachment in the Early Life Course: Meta-Analytic Evidence for Its Role in Socioemotional Development by Groh, Ashley M.; Fearon, R. M. Pasco; IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans‐Kranenburg, Marian J.; Roisman, Glenn I., in Child Development Perspectives, Vol. 0/Issue 0. Copyright 2016 by John Wiley & Sons – Journals. Reprinted by permission of John Wiley & Sons – Journals via the Copyright Clearance Center.
 

Keller, H. (2014). Introduction: Understanding relationships—What we would need to know to conceptualize attachment as the cultural solution of a universal developmental task. In H. Otto & H. Keller (Eds.), Different faces of attachment: Cultural variations on a universal human need (pp. 1–24). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Different Faces of Attachment: Cultural Variations on a Universal Human Need, by Otto, H.; Keller, H. Copyright 2014 by Cambridge University Press. Reprinted by permission of Cambridge University Press via the Copyright Clearance Center.
 

Thompson, R. A. (2016). Early attachment and later development: Reframing the questions. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (3rd ed., pp. 330–348). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, 3rd Edition by Cassidy, J.; Shaver, P. R. Copyright 2016 by Guilford Publications, Inc. Reprinted by permission of Guilford Publications, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center.
 

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Buddhism

  Many scholars feel that “suffering” may be a misleading translation of the word dukkha. Why might the term suffering be misleading? What might be a better translation? What was the Buddha trying to explain in his commentary on dukkha?

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Sexual orientation

The discussion topic this week focuses on social issues of gender, power, and sexual orientation. Consider and respond to the following. Be sure to draw from and cite required readings as well as your own personal and professional experiences and other sources of knowledge.

Discussion #1 Describe the application of community psychology action and research tools to address issues related to gender, power, and sexual orientation (LGBTQ) within a global context.

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For TOM MUTUNGA ONLY

details on handshake

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Domestic Violence Paper

Project Description

Course Outcomes and the Applied Final Project  

As a result of completing the final project, students will demonstrate their ability to: Distinguish among the complexities and multifaceted nature of domestic violence to assess institutional, community, and individual responses; Apply knowledge of research and theory of domestic violence to identify the scope of the issue within society and dispel commonly held misconceptions;         Locate and evaluate resources relevant to domestic violence issues in order to effect social change. 

Throughout this course, we have been examining the Pulitzer prize winning series by the Post and Courier of Charleston, S.C., “Till Death Do Us Part.” http://postandcourier.com/app/till-death/index.html

Applying the concepts, theories and content that you have learned in this course, write a paper that evaluates how accurately and thoughtfully the series addresses the issues of intimate partner violence, homicide, institutional, community and individual responses.

Step 1Write a paper (no more than 6 pages in length ) that includes the following:Evaluation of how accurately and thoughtfully the series addresses the issue of intimate partner violence and homicide based on what you have learned throughout this course.Some suggested topics to cover:What are some of the characteristics of the abusers who are discussed?What were some of the dynamics of domestic violence in the cases presented?What was the effect on the children who witnessed the violence?What challenges were present in South Carolina in addressing domestic violence? Are these challenges unique to South Carolina or present elsewhere in other jurisdictions?How did the system (police, courts, legislature, etc.) respond to the problem?How did the community respond to the problem?What did you like most about the series? What did you like least about the series?Did the series identify the appropriate problems and solutions?How effective was this series in bringing about change?

 

Additional information about your paper:The paper requires a cover sheet ( title page) and a reference page .The total number of pages for the content of this assignment is no more than 6 . The paper should follow APA style.The paper should be double-spacedParagraphs should be indented 5 spacesThe pages should be numbered.

  Step 2 Helpful HintsWhen quoting or summarizing any information from the course materials or any other resource materials be sure to cite and reference this information following APA Guidelines.Be concise!  Remember that the body of your final paper should be only 6 pages long. Failure to include concepts, theories and/or content from the course will result in lost points.  This assignment is intended to demonstrate applied learning (i.e., how well you are able to apply concepts, theories and content from the course to “real world” examples).    

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Final Research Paper. Please, It is important. No plagiarism

Please help me with 30 pages research. I will pay well.

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PHI 210_Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part I

Assignment 1.1: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part I

Prewriting

When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking by playing the “Believing Game.” The Believing Game is about making the effort to “believe” – or at least consider – the reasons for an opposing view on an issue .

The assignment is divided into two (2) parts.
In Part I of the assignment, you will first read a book excerpt about critical thinking processes: “The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful” at http://www.procon.org/sourcefiles/believinggame.pdf.

Next, you will review the Procon.org Website in order to gather information. Then, you will engage in prewriting to examine your thoughts.

Part I – Prewriting : Follow the instructions below for this prewriting activity.  Use complete sentences and adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.

1. Select one (1) of the approved topics from the www.procon.org Website and state your position on the issue.
2. From the Procon.org Website, identify three (3) premises (reasons) listed under either the Pro or Con section – whichever section opposes your position.
3.For each  of the three (3) premises (reasons) that oppose your position on the issue, answer these “believing” questions suggested by Elbow:What’s interesting or helpful about this view?What would I notice if I believed this view?In what sense or under what conditions might this idea be true?”

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

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PHL/320(BSBS1MQK60)

Purpose of Assignment 

For this assignment, the student will create an argumentative essay explaining what makes a good business decision. This allows students to use critical thinking in their research to identify the importance of deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning.

Assignment Steps 

Review the “Writing Argumentative Essays” section in Ch. 3 of Critical Thinking. 

Write a 1,050-word argumentative essay on your approved business decision including the following: Discuss why the business decision is good or not good for business.Define the term “good” for the purpose of this situation.Identify the premise and conclusion by placing a number in bold at the beginning of the sentence with the word premise or conclusion. For example: (1, Premise), (2, Premise), (1, Conclusion), (2, Conclusion).Sentences labeled as “1, premise” are premises for the sentence labeled as “1, conclusion.”All premises should be labeled for each conclusion in the article. If a sentence is a conclusion and a premise for another conclusion, place two labels.At the end of the paper, identify one example of how you used deductive reasoning and one example of how you used inductive reasoning. 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. 

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