Environmental and Genetic Impact on Fetal Development

    Discussion: Environmental and Genetic Impact on Fetal Development

Both environmental and genetic influences impact fetal development. Some substances (e.g., folic acid, hormones, etc.) have the biggest influence at sensitive periods during gestation. Early in gestation, when neurological development is at its peak, folic acid is most important. Hormones, such as androgen and estrogen, are necessary for external genital differentiation between 9 and 12 weeks of gestation. Prenatal alcohol exposure, however, can impact fetal growth at any time during gestation. On the other hand, environmental influences such as maternal genetics, nutrition, health, and immunization can have a positive impact on fetal development, mitigating the impact of substances and other negative influences. In addition to environmental influences, you must also consider the impact of genetic influences. Genes determine not only an individual’s physical features at birth—they also contribute to hormonal processes throughout the lifespan. The interaction of environmental influences and genetic influences impacts the development of a fetus.

For this Discussion, you will examine environmental and genetic influences on fetal development.

To prepare for this Discussion:

· Select one genetic influence and one environmental influence on fetal development and think about how these influences might impact each other. By Day 4

Post a brief description of the genetic influence and the environmental influence you selected. Then, explain how the environmental influence might positively or negatively affect the development of a fetus with the genetic influence you selected. Be specific and provide examples. Use your Learning Resources to support your post. Use proper APA format and citations.

Berk, L. E. (2014). Development through the lifespan (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Chapter 2, “Genetic and      Environmental Foundations” (pp. 44–77) Chapter 3, “Prenatal Development, Birth, and      the Newborn Baby” (pp. 78–117)

Charness, M. E., Riley, E. P., & Sowell, E. R. (2016). Drinking during pregnancy and the developing brain: Is any amount safe? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(2), 80–82. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2015.09.011

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Entringer, S., Buss, C., & Wadhwa, P. D. (2015). Prenatal stress, development, health and disease risk: A psychobiological perspective—2015 Curt Richter Award Paper. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 62, 366–375. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.08.019

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Tzouma, V., Grepstad, M., Grimaccia, F., & Kanavos, P. (2015). Clinical, ethical, and socioeconomic considerations for prescription drug use during pregnancy in women suffering from chronic diseases. Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 49(6), 947–956. doi:10.1177/2168479015589820

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Grace, T., Bulsara, M., Robinson, M., & Hands, B. (2015). The impact of maternal gestational stress on motor development in late childhood and adolescence: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 87(1), 211–220.

The Impact of Maternal Gestational Stress on Motor Development in Late Childhood and Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study by Grace, T., Bulsara, M., Robinson, M., & Hands, B., in Child Development, 2015/October. Copyright 2015 by John Wiley & Sons-Journals. Reprinted by permission of John Wiley & Sons-Journals via the Copyright Clearance Center. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tegan_Grace/publication/282873739_The_Impact_of_Maternal_Gestational_Stress_on_Motor_Development_in_Late_Childhood_and_Adolescence_A_Longitudinal_Study/links/56244b7d08ae70315b5db881.pdf

March of Dimes Foundation. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.marchofdimes.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Birth defects. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/index.html

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Ethics Code

Ethics Code

When discussing the various subfields of applied psychology, we will often refer to the terms “scope of practice” and “competency.” In this three- to four-page paper (about 1,050-1,400 words, excluding title page and references):

Describe what is meant by “scope of practice,” going beyond a simple definition to analyze how it impacts the relationships between different subfields of psychology.

Describe the importance of competency and competency benchmarks, analyzing their role in defining the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

Compare and contrast the APA and ACA ethical codes and credentialing guidelines, and then analyze the reasons behind their commonalities and differences. Does scope of practice and competency benchmarks inform or explain any of these differences? What other elements can illuminate your analysis?

In addressing each of the above questions, support your analysis and construct your arguments by citing references from course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article from the recommended 

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health psychology program

 

Why is survey research so commonly used in health psychology? Find an example of a survey used in a health psychology program or research study and describe some of the questions that it includes? How could this survey be improved? Make sure to cite the source of the survey you used.

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discussion board communication

The Discussion Board is worth 25points total. To earn full credit, Parts One and Two must meet the assignment guidelines, be free of spelling and grammatical errors, be posted by the due dates, and meet the minimum word count (if there is one listed).Hint: type and proofread your postings & responses in Microsoft Word, and then copy & paste into the text box of the discussion board.Part One of Discussion Board #2
In this unit, we learned a lot about Perception. Perception is almost like a pair of glasses we use to see and understand the world, including when we look in the mirror. For this week’s discussion, choose between the following two topics:Choice #1: In your own words, explain how self-esteem is created through self-concept using the social comparison theory and/or self-discrepancy theory. Do you see these patterns in your own interactions? OR Choice #2: Our reading this week gave us a 3 Step Process to create our own method of Perception Checking. Explain how either you or others interacting with you could use these steps to improve some of your interactions. Your posting for full credit should be at least  250 words 

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redo

here it is

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5b

see attachment 5b

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Emotional Disorders

Emotional Disorders  Psychological disorders of childhood and adolescence are organized into various categories. One of these categories is emotional disorders. This category includes mood-related, depressive, and anxiety-related disorders.  Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research emotional disorders.   Click here to download and review four cases related to emotional disorders.  Then, complete the following: •Analyze the cases described in the provided document carefully, with a focus on the symptoms demonstrated by each child or adolescent.  •Select two cases from the list in the document. •Identify which emotional disorder is the most likely diagnosis for each case you have selected. The list of possible disorders is below: ◦Major depressive disorder ◦Bipolar disorder ◦Generalized anxiety disorder ◦Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ◦Separation anxiety disorder ◦Panic disorder •Do the following to explain your chosen diagnoses: ◦Describe each chosen diagnosis by listing the symptoms and criteria required for that diagnosis and possible causes of that diagnosis.  ◦Evaluate how the selected cases illustrate those criteria and why that individual has developed that disorder.   Write your initial response in 350–500 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources, including in-text citations and full references. Incorporate information from at least two academic sources to support your statements or ideas. Academic sources could include your textbook, required readings for this module, academic journal articles found in the AU online library, and the American Psychiatric Association Web site at the following:  •American Psychiatric Association. (2014). Mental health. Retrieved from: http://www.psychiatry.org/mental-health

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dq1/2 week5

DQ1

 

This discussion presents the opportunity for you to address the inequality of access to health care in the United States using moral and ethical reasoning. There is overwhelming evidence that social inequalities affect health outcomes. Many argue that lack of health care access due to poverty is a human rights concern in the United States that should be subject to public and social justice inquiry. As such, the Affordable Care Act was implemented to promote health equity. While there are some that have reported favorable outcomes with respect to health care access, others have reported unfavorable experiences.

What is your perspective on the ethics of providing universal health care to all U.S. citizens, and how well do you think the Affordable Care Act has addressed this cause? Prepare an academically-informed post to address this question. In doing so, consider both the ethical and moral reasons for supporting the implementation of the Affordable Care Act and also a possible shortfall or problem with this policy. You may talk about your own experiences but must also use academic research to support your arguments.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.

First, discuss the ethics of providing universal healthcare in general. Second, discuss how well the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has met this goal, and identify a shortcoming.

 

 

DQ2

 

The purpose of this discussion is to offer you the opportunity to debate the issue of food justice and food deserts. Food deserts are significant issues in poorer neighborhoods in the United States. In many of these neighborhoods, the only access to food is through local convenience stores or fast food restaurants. This severely limits the options for the poor to have access to fresh, wholesome food and has been evidenced as a key reason for the obesity epidemic in the United States. This issue is encompassed in the overarching topic of food justice, which also highlights public access to genetically modified or organic foods and the issues of equal access to positive food options in light of public health and social inequality. Prepare and post a response to the following prompt:

Read the Hilmers article, Neighborhood Disparities in Access to Healthy Foods and Their Effects on Environmental Justice . Assume that your town is a food desert and you would like to do something about it. Prepare an argument to present to your local town council that outlines an idea to offer healthy food options to your town. Use at least one ethical theory or perspective to support the moral or ethical reasoning for why this program should be implemented.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.

Suggest to the town council something specific that they could actually implement to eliminate the food desert. Identify the ethical theory/alternative perspective that explains your point of view.

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2 page Psychology paper completed// Needing revised with low plagarism score.

This paper has been written nicely, the only problem is it came out with a high plagarism score.

I need it revised, and I changed the citations because the research was found from a textbook. My professor only allows papers to be written from an article or journal she can find or is aware of.

If someone can please fix this for me, it will be greatly appreciated.

 

Human growth and development course paper.

Please feel free to ask any questions.

 

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APA Format graded essay on anxiety

APA FORMAT

 

The paper needs to be 7 pages total. 2 of the pages are the title and works cited page. The other 5 pages just need to have information from credible sources relating to the topic. 

 

THE ONLY THING BEING GRADED IS HOW WELL THE APA FORMAT IS IN THE PAPER.

 

 

-IN TEXT CITATIONS NEEDED 

 

 

 

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