Allied Health Law and Ethics
|I)Hospital risk||how can this risk be prevented or minimized||examples for this type of risk|
|Surgeon error||the surgical team should pause to discuss the case together before any cut is made on the patient||scalpel being left inside patients|
|Infected incision||using antibiotics before the operation||germs being resistant to diseases|
|Bleeding too much||active medication management||watching the dosage for heparin and injections|
|Getting sicker||continuous vigilance||patients with diabetes taking drugs|
|Pneumonia||better ventilation and proper care||patients on ventilators|
|infected catheter||observing cleanliness and hygiene||germs getting in to central lines|
|getting the wrong medication||being prescribed medicine by a computer||throwing out the prescribing pad and using the doctors handwriting|
1. The non-profit organization, The Institute of Medicine which was chartered by the United States National Academy of Sciences, estimated that the minimum each year 1.5 million patients in America are victims of hospital based medical errors.
2. List at least six reasons which this article sites that contributed to medical mistakes, do not include any specific mistakes on individuals who were mentioned in the article.
- Hospital patients may get wrong drug.
- Infections from bacteria bred in hospital that are resistant to antibiotics
- Botched operation bypass
- Insufficient time by doctors and nurses with the patients
- Rampant overcrowding in hospitals and the numerous numbers of operations
- Lack of patients control when receiving medication
3. What medical mistake was made by the staff at Cedar Sinai Medical Centre in Los Angeles on the actor, Dennis Quaid’s newborn twins? What surgical mistake was on the comedian, Dan Carvey?
The twins who had just been born were given 1000 times the dose of heparin, which was intended to be administered after their birth at Cedar in Los Angeles
Comedian Dana Carvey was botched in the heart bypass operation whereby the doctors operated on the wrong blood vessel, the artery.
4. According to the article, the core problem in hospital is Provide at least two specific solutions for this problem which was proposed by the Boston University researcher, Eugene Litvak.
The main problem, in hospitals is lack of enough doctors and nurses to attend to patients
The Boston University Center suggested at reducing the number of surgeries scheduled for each year from seven hundred to seven. Patients also need to take charge of their own care and be their own advocate.
5. This article cited between 40000 and 100000 people die every year because of medical mistakes
6. Since the above figures were presented approximately seven years ago, use the internet to find information and statistics for the number of deaths from medical errors in the United States, either 2014 or 2015. The source for this work is Forbes health documentary, in pictures and also the seven scariest Hospital operations.
The joint commission is an independent organization which accredits and certifies organizations which are involved in healthcare and also the programs related to healthcare in the United States. The mission for joint commission is to improve the healthcare for the general public an also collaborate with other institutions as well as stakeholders. This will be achieved through evaluating healthcare organizations as well as inspiring them so that they can excel in providing care which is viewed as effective and safe with high quality value and quality. The vision for the joint commission is to make sure that all people acquire safe and healthcare which has the best value for its worth and is quality.
The joint commission put up the National Patient Safety Goals in 2002 with the aim of helping the accredited organizations to focus on specific areas which had concern, regarding the safety of patients. The National Patient Safety Goals was set up so as to cover the healthcare and issues pertaining to healthcare matters and also organizations and programs in healthcare. It mainly concerns the patients and the areas in healthcare which need the attention of the accredited bodies.
The list of the various types of healthcare facilities which can be accredited by the joint commission include
- Hospitals which entail general, children, psychiatric, and rehabilitation.
- Home care which include medical tools, pharmacy and also hospice services
- Nursing care center entails the nursing home as well as rehabilitation centers
- Behavioral healthcare which deals with addiction services
- Ambulatory care entails the practices of groups as well as office-based surgery practices.
The benefits that the joint commission accreditation acquires include improving the quality of care to patients by minimizing the variation in clinical processes
Providing a framework that will help in program structure and also management of healthcare
Providing a report on assessment of objectives and also clinical excellence
Creating a team which is cohesive and in the clinical healthcare
Promoting an excellence culture which will be the backbone in the organization
Helping in marketing as well as awarding contracts and reimbursements.
The legal benefits on this list are to be recognized by insurers and third parties. Since certification is becoming a basic requirement in insurance reimbursement, there is need for participation in managing care plans as well as contract bidding.
Fact sheet for 2016 Hospital on National Patient Safety Goals include
Goal proactive actions that would help to achieve each goal
1) The patient safety movement involves working with the right people and the right ideas n gathering technology. It aims at connecting the patients so as to oversee their safety. The movement aims at having no deaths which are preventable, by the year 2020.
2.) For healthcare professionals, the main aim which professional have in achieving the goals of the movement is to develop specific solutions which are actionable, so that they can be implemented in healthcare. Also, the professionals aim at making additional solutions to the existing solutions in the healthcare sector.
3. (a)In Health care associated infections, patients obtain healthcare treatment for other conditions. They are the fourth leading reason of death in the United States other than breast cancer, AIDS and accidents from machines and motor vehicles, all combined. 1 out of every 25 patients who are hospitalized contract HAI and has a total of 722000 annually and results to 75000 deaths per year. They can be prevented by prolonged hospitalization of patients, increasing the cost of care and establishing the cause or contribution to death of the patient.
(b) Hand off communications entails incorrect or incomplete records concerning a patient. When information is incomplete or erroneous, it harms the patients by wrong identification and medication of the patient. The roles assigned by the team to take care of the student will also change, thus may be termed as misleading
4. Donald James Sterner who died due to food poisoning was not given proper attention as was expected from the medical crew. The medical staff failed to diagnose and treat his food poisoning infection that resulted to septic shock. His complaints were dismissed which is not fair. It was a wrongful death. For Bill Aydt, he was given proper medication. He was taken to surgery and later on came out with a new lung and great prognosis. Later on, as he was waiting for a nurse to escort him back to the bathroom, he attempted to trek all by himself and he fell down. In my opinion, the nurse did not give him proper attention and could not have allowed him to walk all by himself. Therefore, it was tort of negligence by the nurse to allow the patient walk all by himself. The Patient’s safety goal defines what the patient should experience from the medical team. It simply outlines the duties and obligations that the patient should expect from the medical team that will treat him or her.
"Forbes Welcome". Forbes.com. N.p., 2016. Web. 23 Nov. 2016.
"Reducing the Risk of Accident". Hospital Aviation 6.2 (1987): 10-12. Web.