Psychology is the different discipline, including a broad range of the methods to asking questions regarding why people do the things that they do. The common thing among all these methods is the scientific study of nature of human. Therefore, while psychology might not be the solely area to consider on the reasons of the human nature-philosophers have been doing this for millennia- psychology is differentiated by its dependence on the scientific approach to build the conclusions.
The history of psychology is not the straightforward story. In fact, history is by no ways an accurate science: this tends that the significant stuff is inevitably a matter for the interpretation and discussion. Psychology in the late nineteenth century is possibly best classified like one of the humanities.
And the subject matter leaves to it by the natural sciences- the psychological and inherently biased world of perception, quality and experience- possibly needed the application of the procedures conventionally related with the social sciences. But all the things were not equal. The unparalleled success of the natural science model had the great affect on the appearance of the psychology. It also introduced the view that natural scientific procedures were ‘the sole consistent methods for protecting useful and consistent knowledge about anything. In order to grow, psychology had to align itself with the procedures of the natural sciences.
Methods. As an example, suppose two studies on the ways people answered to the traumatic actions. In 1993 paper, psychologists James Pennebaker and Kent Harber carried a quantitative method to analysing the community-broad impact of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. These researchers established the phone surveys of 789 area residents, asking he people to point, using 10-point scale, how often they “thought about” and “talked about” the earthquake on3-month period after its happening.
In examining these data, Pennebaker and Harder invented that people tend to halt talking about traumatic actions about 2 weeks after they happened but keep thinking regarding the action for approximately 4 weeks.
Contradict to this approach with the more qualitative one carried by the growth psychologist Paul Miller and friends, who used a qualitative ,method to examining the methods that parents model coping nature for their children. These researchers established the semi structured interviews of 24 parents whose families had been left following the 2007 wildfires in San Diego County and an additional 32 parents whose families had been left form the 2008 series of deadly tornadoes in Tennessee.
From the above examples, we analyse three particular examples of the descriptive designs. particular examples of the descriptive designss but to do so with the various objectives.
Descriptive Designs— Observing Behavior.
Design, Measurement, and Testing Hypotheses.
Hewstone, F. D. The Science of psychology.
Psychology as a Science.