• As suggested by theorists, people with personality disorders tend to adapt to their abusive environment. When a personality trait results in social impairment or distress the it becomes a disorder (Crego & Widiger, 2018). This is evident from a cousin who has obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. It is evident that she acquired the disorder from her upbringing. She was raised by a single mother who is a nurse who often went to work with her because she had nobody to stay with. For years she watched her mother attend to patients with infections to a point that she couldn’t stop washing and cleaning to avoid infections. The repeated urge to clean up brought about her personality disorder. Despite the fact that her upbringing was not abusive, it can be termed as neglectful which brought about fear in her young mind over a long period of time prompting her to try and avoid the occurrence of infections.
• There is big difference between personality disorder and other types of mental illnesses. Mental illness can be brought about by the exposure of a mother to environmental stressors such as drugs during pregnancy. It can also be brought about by imbalance in the brain’s chemistry. Personality disorder on the other is influenced by experiences, environment and other inherited characteristics. Personality is a way of thinking and behaving. When an individual has personality disorder they tend to behave differently from the cultural norms (Kelland, 2017).
This distinction is valid because it explains that the personality disorder is acquired and characterized by lifelong patterns of actions while mental illness can be perceived as a physical illness acquired over a short period of time (Crego & Widiger, 2018). People with personality disorders do not go to extremity as compared to mental illness that is characterized by extreme traits.