Three Main Schools Within Psychology Become Established In The 20th Century: – Behaviourism Gestalt-Theory Psychoanalysis Behaviourism • Behaviourism (Watson, Skinner, Pavlov) – Basic Notions:

Psychology

Description

Three main schools within psychology become established in the 20th century: –
Behaviourism
Gestalt-theory
Psychoanalysis
Behaviourism
Behaviourism (Watson, Skinner, Pavlov) – Basic notions:
Our consciousness is private, not open to analysis
What we can observe is behaviour animals / humnas (facts)
Stimuli (S) produce responses (R) (behaviour) S → R – Our behaviour is formed by stimuli around us – Positive reinforcement encourages us to continue with the same behaviour; negative reinforcement means we avoid certain behaviours

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