Discussion 1: Are Individuals Powerless to Change?

page 1: Discussion 1: Are Individuals Powerless to Change?
Consider the following perspectives offered in two popular films:

“Our lives and our choices, like quantum trajectories, are understood moment-to-moment. At each point of intersection, each encounter, suggests a new potential direction” (Arndt, Tykwer, Wachowski, & Wachowski, 2012).

“You can’t interfere with destiny, that’s why it’s destiny. If you try to interfere, the same thing is going to happen anyway and you’ll just suffer” (Berger & Payne, 1999).

Legends, fairy tales, books, and movies have long since illustrated the debate between destiny and choice. When it comes to a person’s ability to change, which do you believe: Are individuals predestined to endure their inborn challenges, or can they choose to rise above their tribulations? Is a wealthy son meant to follow in the steps of his father, or can he forge his own path? Can those suffering from addiction overcome their weaknesses, or are they powerless to their vices?

For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources. Reflect on people in your own life, as well as those you may have worked with, read about, or seen on TV or through media. Identify whether you perceive change to be possible. Then, consider how your personal perception might impact your work as a counselor. For example, if you perceive individuals to be incapable of change, how might this influence the counseling strategies and approaches you employ with clients?

Post by Day 3 your perspective on whether people are powerless to change, including why or why not. Explain how your perspective might influence your future work as a counselor. Justify your response with references to this week’s Learning Resources and the current literature. Be specific and use examples from your personal experience as appropriate.

page 2: Discussion 2: Conceptualizing Through the Lens of Development
How might the decisions of parents impact a child’s future? Furthermore, how might a child’s environment help to shape his or her identity?

It is no secret that parents play a large role in a child’s development. In fact, the contributions, actions, and involvement of parents throughout the lifespan are factors that most developmental theories highlight. Another aspect, the experiences with and influences of a child’s environment, is present in many theories as well.

For this Discussion, review the case study at the end of Chapter 1 of The Life Span and this week’s media, “Perspectives: Using Lifespan Development.” Then, select one of the two Discussions below and consider how parents and environments can shape a child’s development.

Discussion A

Post By Day 4 an explanation of the outcomes that you predict for the client and family depicted in the case study. Include why you made these predictions. Describe relevant issues of continuity and change that apply to this case by citing specific references to two of the developmental theories presented in this week’s Learning Resources.

page 3: Post by Day 4 an explanation of at least two environmental modifications that might promote positive outcomes for the client and family depicted in the case study. Explain why these modifications might be effective. Be specific about each family member, and cite specific references to this week’s Learning Resources and the current literature.

Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Chapter 1, “Organizing Themes in Development” (pp. 2-38)
Kandler, C. Bleidorn, W., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., Thiel, W., & Angleitner, A. (2010). Sources of cumulative continuity in personality: A longitudinal multiple-rater twin study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(6), 995–1008.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Overton, W. F., & Ennis, M. D. (2006). Cognitive-developmental and behavior-analytic theories: Evolving into complementarity. Human Development, 49(3), 143–172.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Sameroff, A. (2010). A unified theory of development: A dialectic integration of nature and nurture. Child Development, 81(1), 6–22.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Thelen, E. (2005). Dynamic systems theory and the complexity of change. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 15(2), 255–283.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.