Utilitarianism Principle; How and Where Does it Apply?
Utilitarianism is set, “the greatest happiness of the greatest number.” It is a consequentialist theory of ethics that has majorly affected ethical philosophy in modern times.
It maximizes business, the purpose of action, meaning how much happiness and pain that struggle brings. Two main types of Utilitarianism have their story of doing this; act and rule. Both of these candidates agree that the primary determinant of what is right/wrong is what we do and how much comfort/injury felt by the number of people harmed by this action.
My View on Purpose Of Utilitarianism
I don’t believe Utilitarianism is the correct system of ethics (I do support consequentialism). Human values are involved, and no simple mathematical formula can capture them. Moreover, utilitarianism ethics is individual and might different between religions and between people. However, I think it is useful to find simple relative models of utilitarianism ethics, for two purposes.
My view is that utilitarianism ethics is just another name for someone’s decisions or a specific subset of someone’s choices. The source of decisions is finally inspiration. However, motivation only refers to the common. This preference is simple enough to require no study. But, when you encounter the unknown, inspiration can fail. Is it better to cure a village of malaria or build a new school where there is none? Is it better to save one human or 1000 dogs? Can a computer simulation be deserving of moral decisions? What if it’s?
How Is Utilitarianism Used In Business?
The theory of Utilitarianism can be implemented in business in many ways. To begin with, business persons who wish to use this theory of Utilitarianism must first learn its four elements. The application of this utilitarianism theory can either be positive or negative. The first element is consequentialism, which is the knowledge that the wrongness or rightness of actions by their actions. Companies can apply the concept of consequentialism in their services even though it may deny the proper and ethical systems that are in place.
For example, companies that perform themselves to the order of consequentialism may support their employees to act as they wish as long as the essential outcome will be to the benefit of the company. Every business focuses on making and increasing more profits as its primary goal, which may lead them to use the means, which may be considered wrong, unfair, or prohibited. For example, a business may manufacture and sell cheap and risky products in its journey for more.
Examples Of Utilitarianism in Ethics
Imagine there is a trolley going towards a group of five workers on the roads. You are sitting in a control center many miles away, and you have a button that can switch the trolley onto another way where there’s only one operator. If you flip the switch, one person will die. If you do nothing, five people will die. Should you flip the switch?
In questionnaires, most people in America and Britain would say yes. One death is better than five deaths, so if you have to choose, you should try to reduce the loss of life by flipping the switch. It is an example of utilitarianism ethics, and the survey results show that this school of thought is famous in British and American culture.